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Books

Clark, T., & Barbour, M. K. (2015). Online and distance education in schools: Global perspectives on policy and practice. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Barbour, M. K., Hasler Waters, L., & Hunt, J. (2011) Online and blended learning: Case studies from K-12 schools around the world. Vienna, VA: International Association for K-12 Online Learning. (Contribution 40%)

Barbour, M. K. & Orey, M. (Eds.). (2007). The foundations of instructional technology . Athens , GA : University of Georgia . Retrieved from http://itfoundations.coe.uga.edu/index.php?title=Main_Page

Orey, M., Amiel, T., McClendon, J. & Barbour, M. K. (Eds.). (2005). The world almanac of educational technologies. Athens, GA: University of Georgia. (Contribution 10%)

Barbour, M. K., Jones, A., Rabinowitz, L., & Utz. G. (2004). Preparing for the U.S. History AP Exam with America past and present, seventh edition: Divine/Breen/Fredrickson/Williams/Brands/Gross. New York: Pearson Education Inc.. (Contribution 25%)

Barbour, M. K., Jones, A., & Utz. G. (2002). Instructor's resource manual to accompany Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, Williams - America past and present, advanced placement edition. New York: Pearson Education Inc.. (Contribution 33%)

Chapters in Books

Barbour, M. K. (in press). The state of K-12 online learning. In J. G. Cibulka & B. S. Cooper (Eds.), Technology in the Classroom:  Can It Improve Teaching and Student Learning in American Schools? Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Education.

Barbour, M. K. (2017). K-12 online learning and school choice: Growth and expansion in the absence of evidence. In R. A. Fox & N. K. Buchanan (Eds.), School Choice: A Handbook for Researchers, Practitioners, Policy-Makers and Journalists (pp. 421-440). New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd..

Barbour, M. K. (2016). Virtual education: Not yet ready for prime time? In W. J. Mathis & T. Trujillo (Eds.), The Test-Based Education Reforms: Lessons from a Failed Agenda (pp. 407-429). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. (2015). Social media in secondary school settings. In J. M. Spector (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of educational technology, (pp. 664-667). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Clark, T., & Barbour, M. K. (2015). Online, blended, and distance education in schools: An overview. In T. Clark, & M. K. Barbour (Eds.). Online and distance education in schools: Global perspectives on policy and practice (pp. 3-10). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2015). Online, blended, and distance education in schools: Summing up. In T. Clark, & M. K. Barbour (Eds.). Online and distance education in schools: Global perspectives on policy and practice (pp. 205-214). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Barbour, M. K. (2014). A history of international K-12 online and blended instruction. In R. Ferdig & K. Kennedy (Eds)., Handbook of Research on K-12 Online and Blended Learning (pp. 25-50). Pittsburgh, PA: Entertainment Technology Center Press, Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved from http://press.etc.cmu.edu/files/Handbook-Blended-Learning_Ferdig-Kennedy-etal_web.pdf

Barbour, M. K., & Unger, K. L. (2014). Strategies for overcoming common obstacles in the online environment: Issues in virtual school teaching.  In A. A. Piña & A. P. Mizell (Eds.) Real life distance education: Case studies in practice (21-40). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. (Contribution 60%)

Barbour, M. K., & Kennedy, K. (2014). K–12 online learning: A worldwide perspective. In A. Hirumi (Ed.), Grounded designs for online and hybrid learning: Trends and technologies (pp. 53-74). Washington, DC: International Society for Technology in Education. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K. (2013). Wayne State University. In K. Kennedy & L. Archambault (Eds.), Partnering for success: A 21st century model for teacher preparation (pp. 22-25). Vienna, VA: International Association for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/partnering-for-success.pdf

Grant, M. M. & Barbour, M. K. (2013). Mobile teaching and learning in the classroom and online: Case studies in K-12. In Z. Berge & L. Muilenburg (Eds.), Handbook of mobile learning (pp. 285–292). New York: Routledge. (Contribution 40%)

Barbour, M. K. (2013). The landscape of K-12 online learning: Examining what is known. In M. G. Moore (Eds.), Handbook of distance education (3rd ed.) (pp. 574-593). New York: Routledge.

Barbour, M. K. (2012). Virtual schools are more cost-effective compared to traditional, brick-and-mortar schools? In K. P. Brady (Ed.), Technology in schools: Debating issues in American education (pp. 84-90). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Barbour, M. K. (2012). Models and resources for online teacher preparation and mentoring. In K. M. Kennedy & L. Archambault (Eds.), Lessons learned in teacher mentoring: Supporting educators in K-12 online learning environments (pp. 83-102). Vienna, VA: International Association for K-12 Online Learning.

Barbour, M. K., Siko, J., Gross, E., & Waddell, K. (2012). Virtually unprepared: Examining the preparation of K-12 online teachers. In R. Hartshorne, T. Heafner, & T Petty (Eds.), Teacher education programs and online learning tools: Innovations in teacher preparation (pp. 60-81). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Barbour, M. K. (2012). Training teachers for a virtual school system: A call to action. In D. Polly, C. Mims, & K. Persichitte (Eds)., Developing technology-rich teacher education programs: Key issues (pp. 499-517). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Barbour, M. K. & Ferdig, R. (2011). Online learning (virtual schools). In S. McLeod & C. Lehmann (Eds.), What school leaders need to know about digital technologies and social media (pp. 53-66). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K., Thomas, G. B., Rauscher, D. & Rieber, L. P. (2010). Homemade PowerPoint games. In A. Hirumi (Ed.), Playing games in school: Video games and simulations for primary and secondary education (pp. 333-347). Washington, DC: International Society for Technology in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Rieber, L. P., Barbour, M. K., Thomas, G. B. & Rauscher, D. (2008). Learning by designing games: Homemade PowerPoint games. In C. T. Miller (Ed.), Games: Their purpose and potential in education (pp. 23-42). New York: Springer Publishing. (Contribution 25%)

Miller, C. T., Loh, C. S., Becker, K., Botturi, L., Barbour, M. K., Nettleton, K. F., Hirumi, A., Rieber, L. P., & Simpson, E. (2008). Learning by designing games: Homemade PowerPoint games. In C. T. Miller (Ed.), Games: Their purpose and potential in education (pp. 219-250). New York: Springer Publishing. (Contribution 10%)

Barbour, M. K. (2007). What's next for instructional technology: A focused field or crisis of identity. In M. K. Barbour & M. Orey (Eds.), The foundations of instructional technology. Athens, GA: University of Georgia. Retrieved from http://itfoundations.coe.uga.edu/index.php?title=What%27s_Next_for_Instructional_Technology:_A_Focused_Field_or_Crisis_of_Identity

Esakin, T., Lopez Rivera, W., Rivera Ruedas, N. & Barbour, M. K. (2006). Educational Technologies in Mexico. In M. Orey, T. Amiel, & J. McClendon (Eds.), The world almanac of educational technologies. Athens, GA: University of Georgia. (Contribution 25%)

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Educational Technologies in Canada. In M. Orey, T. Amiel, & J. McClendon (Eds.), The world almanac of educational technologies. Athens, GA: University of Georgia.

Barbour, M. K. (2002). Bridging the rural divide through distance education. In S. Mitchell (Ed.), Effective educational partnerships: Experts, advocates, and scouts (pp. 183-192). Westport , CT: Praeger Publishers.

Journal Articles

* peer reviewed
** invited

* Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2017). Improving the K-12 online course design review process: Experts weigh in on iNACOL National Standards for Quality Online Courses. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 18(3). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2800 (Contribution 35%)

* Barbour, M. K., Quinn Grzebyk, T., Grant, M. G., & Siko, J. P. (2017). The challenges of integrating mobile technology in the classroom: Examining an iPad professional development project. Journal on School Educational Technology, 12(3), 22-33. Retrieved from http://www.imanagerpublications.com/Article.aspx?ArticleId=10386 (Contribution 40%)

Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Redesigning design: Streamlining K-12 online course creation. MACUL Journal, 37(1), 20-21. Retrieved from http://www.macul.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/MACULJournal_Fall2016.pdf (Contribution 20%)

* Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Redesigning design: Field testing a revised design rubric based of iNACOL quality course standards. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, 31(2). Retrieved from http://www.ijede.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/976 (Contribution 30%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Unger-Harrison, K. (2016). Teachers’ perceptions of K-12 online: Impacting the design of a graduate course curriculum. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 45(1), 74-92. (Contribution 60%)

* Siko, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Building a better mousetrap: How design-based research was used to improve homemade PowerPoint games. TechTrends, 60(5), 419–424. (Contribution 20%)

* Barbour, M. K., Clark, T., DeBruler, K., & Bruno, J. A. (2016). Evaluation and approval constructs for online and blended courses and providers: A national overview. Journal of Applied Educational and Policy Research, 2(1), 32-47. Retrieved from https://journals.uncc.edu/jaepr/article/view/469 (Contribution 40%)

* Mulcahy, D., Barbour, M. K., & Lahiri, M. (2016). The straight truth about online learning in the Straits: An investigation into the nature of education in a rural and remote region of Newfoundland and Labrador. Australian and International Journal of Rural Education, 26(1), 27-41. Retrieved from http://jtlge.curtin.edu.au/index.php/aijre/article/view/181 (Contritbution 25%)

* Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2016). Building better courses: Examining the construct validity of the iNACOL national standards for quality online courses. Journal of Online Learning Research, 2(1), 41-73. Retrieved from https://www.learntechlib.org/d/171515

* Barbour, M. K., Davis, N., & Wenmoth, D. (2016). Primary and secondary virtual learning in New Zealand: Examining barriers to achieving maturity. International Journal on e-Learning, 15(1), 27-45.

* Barbour, M. K., Siko, J., Kromrei, H., McLaren, A, Toker, S., Mani, N., & Wilson, V. (2016). Analyzing homemade PowerPoint game questions: Testing an assumption of proponents. Oregon Journal of Social Studies, 4(1), 7-19. Retrieved from http://www.oregonsocialstudies.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/OJSS-Journal-0401.pdf

* Barbour, M. K., Lahiri, M., Toker, S., & Unger Harrison, K. (2015-2016). Career planning with CareerForward: Exploring student perceptions and experiences with in an online career preparation course. Journal of School Educational Technology, 11(3), 1-10.

* Barbour, M. K. (2015). Real-time virtual teaching: Lessons learned from a case study in a rural school. Online Learning, 19(4), 54-68.

Lokey-Vega, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2015). Editorial – K-12 online education. Online Learning, 19(4), 9-12. (Contribution 25%)

* Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K. (2015). The sum is greater than the parts: Deconstructing homemade PowerPoint games. Computers in the Schools, 32(3/4), 167-182.

* Hasler Waters, L., Barbour, M. K., Menchaca, M. P. (2014). The nature of online charter schools: Evolution and emerging concerns. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 17(4), 379-389. Retrieved from http://www.ifets.info/download_pdf.php?j_id=65&a_id=1538 (Contribution 25%)

* Barbour, M. K., Morrison, J., & Adelstein, D. (2014). The forgotten teachers in K-12 online learning: Examining the perceptions of teachers who develop K-12 online courses. International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design, 4(3), 18-33. (Contribution 40%)

* Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K. (2014). Design research using game design as an instructional strategy. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 25(3), 427-448. (Contibution 20%)

Barbour, M. K. (2014). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. Intercambio, 6(2), 27. Retrieved from http://idea-network.ca/featured/intercambios-new-issue-focuses-on-the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-information-technology-in-public-schools/attachment/online-public-education-in-canada-2

Barbour, M. K., & Plough, C. (2014). Odisea de la mente: Redes sociales en la escuela cibernética [Odyssey of the mind: Social networks in the cyber school]. Revista Mexicana de Bachillerato a Distancia, 6(11). Retrieved from http://revistas.unam.mx/index.php/rmbd/article/view/46971

Barbour, M. K., Quinn Grzebyk, T., & Eye, J. (2014). Any time, any place, any pace – Really? Examining mobile learning in a virtual school environment. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 15(1). Retrieved from http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde55/articles/article_8.htm (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K., & Adelstein, D. (2013). High-school students’ perceptions of effective online course design. The Morning Watch, 41(1-2), 56-65. Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/vol41/fall2013/michaelBarbour.pdf (Contribution 60%)

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2013). Examining enrollment trends in schools participating in online learning in Newfoundland and Labrador. The Morning Watch, 41(1-2), 66-76. Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/vol41/fall2013/barbourMal.pdf (Contribution 90%)

Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K. (2013). Game design as authentic science: Creating low-tech games that “do” science. Learning and Leading with Technology, 41(3), 26-29.

* Barbour, M. K., Siko, J., & Simuel-Everage, K. (2013). Pictures from an exhibition… of online learning: A creative representation of qualitative data. The Qualitative Report, 18(45), 1-15. Retrieved from http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR18/barbour45.pdf (Contribution 50%)

* Hawkins, A., Graham, C., Sudweeks, R., & Barbour, M. K. (accepted). Course completion rates and student perceptions of the quality and frequency of interaction in a virtual high school. Distance Education, 3(1), 64-83.

Barbour, M. K., & Pratt, K. (2013). Editorial – Primary and secondary distance education: Expanding the knowledge base in the schools sector. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 17(1), i-iii. Retrieved from http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/viewFile/202/159 (Contribution 50%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Bennett, C. (2013). The FarNet journey: Effective teaching strategies for engaging Mãori students on the Virtual Learning Network. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 17(1), 12-23. Retrieved from http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/viewFile/195/156 (Contribution 60%)

Barbour, M. K., & Reeves, T. C. (2013). Michael Graham Moore: E?itim teknolojisi alan?na önemli katk?lar sa?layan ki?i [Michael Graham Moore – A significant contributor to the field of educational technology]. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 3(1), 113-119.

* Tonks, D., Weston, S., Wiley, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2013). “Opening” a new kind of high school: The story of the Open High School of Utah. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1345/2419

* Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K. (2013). Game design and homemade PowerPoint games: An examination of the justifications and a review of the research. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 22(1), 81-108.

* Johnston, S., & Barbour, M. K. (2013). Measuring success: Examining achievement and perceptions of online Advanced Placement students. American Journal of Distance Education, 27(1), 16-28.

Barbour, M. K., Archambault, L., & DiPietro, M. (2013). Editorial – K–12 online distance education: Issues and frameworks. American Journal of Distance Education, 27(1), 1-3.

Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2012). “Todo el mundo es su propia isla”: la desconexión del docente en la escuela virtual [“Everybody is their own island”: Teacher disconnection in a virtual school]. Revista Mexicana de Bachillerato a Distancia, 4(8). Retrieved from http://revistas.unam.mx/index.php/rmbd/article/view/44284

* Kim, K-Y., Haapala, K. R., Okudan Kremer, G. E., & Barbour, M. K. (2012). Cyber collaboratory-based sustainable design education: A pedagogical framework. Journal of Computational Science Education, 3(2), 2-10. Retrieved from http://shodor.org/media/content//jocse/volume3/issue2/kim_2012 (Contribution 20%)

* Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K. (2012). Homemade PowerPoint games: Game design pedagogy aligned to the TPACK framework. Computers in the Schools, 29(4), 339-354.

* Barbour, M. K. & Plough, C. (2012). Putting the social into online learning: Social networking in a cyber school. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(3), 1-18. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1154/2148 (Contribution 60%)

Barbour, M. K. (2012). Teachers perceptions of iPads in the classroom. MACUL Journal, 32(4), 25-26.

* Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2012). “Everybody is their own island”: Teacher disconnection in a virtual school. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(2). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/967 (Contribution 25%)

* Bennett, C., & Barbour, M. K. (2012). The FarNet journey: Perceptions of M?ori students engaged in secondary online learning. Journal of Open, Flexible & Distance Learning, 16(1). Retrieved from http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/105 (Contribution 50%)

* Barbour, M. K., McLaren, A., & Zhang, L. (2012). It’s not that tough: Students speak about their online learning experiences. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 13(2), 226-241. Retrieved from https://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde47/pdf/article_12.pdf (Contribution 80%)

* Barbour, M. K., Siko, J., Sumara, J., & Simuel-Everage, K. (2012). Narratives from the online frontier: A K-12 student’s experience in an online learning environment. The Qualitative Report, 17(2), 412-430. Retrieved from http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR17-2/barbour.pdf (Contribution 60%)

* Kirby, D., Barbour, M. K., Sharpe, D. (2012). Student perceptions and preferences for tertiary online courses: Does prior high school distance learning make a difference? American Journal of Distance Education, 26(1), 1-16. (Contribution 40%)

* Barbour, M. K., Siko, J. (2012). Virtual schooling through the eyes of an at-risk student: A case study. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 15(1). Retrieved from http://www.eurodl.org/materials/contrib/2012/Barbour_Siko.pdf (Contribution 65%)

* Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J., & Rieber, L. P. (2011). Secondary students, laptops and game design: Examining the potential of homemade PowerPoint games in a blended learning environment. Georgia Social Studies Journal, 1(2), 31-44. Retrieved from http://www.coe.uga.edu/gssj/files/2010/09/MK-Barbour-et-al-2011.pdf (Contribution 90%)

* Siko, J., Barbour, M. K., & Toker, S. (2011). Beyond Jeopardy and lectures: Using Microsoft PowerPoint as a game tool to teach science. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 30(3), 303-320. (Contribution 20%)

* Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2011). Strictly business: Teacher perceptions of interaction in virtual schooling. Journal of Distance Education, 25(2). Retrieved from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/726 (Contribution 25%)

Barbour, M. K., Clesson, K., & Adams, M. (2011). Game design as an educational pedagogy. Illinois English Bulletin, 98(3), 7-28. (Contribution 90%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Hill, J. R. (2011). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. Journal of Distance Education, 25(1). Retrieved from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/725 (Contribution 90%)

** Barbour, M. K. (2011). The promise and the reality: Exploring virtual schooling in rural jurisdictions. Education in Rural Australia, 21(1), 1-20.

* Powell, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2011). An examination of government policies for e-learning in New Zealand’s secondary schools. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 15(1), 75-89. Retrieved from http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/17/18 (Contribution 50%)

* Murphy, E., Rodríguez-Manzanares, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2011). Asynchronous and synchronous teaching and learning in high-school distance education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(4), 583-591. (Contribution 20%)

* Koh, M. H., Hill, J. R., & Barbour, M. K. (2010). Strategies for instructors on how to improve online groupwork. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(2), 183-205. (Contribution 20%)

Barbour, M. K. (2010). Researching K-12 online learning: What do we know and what should we examine? Distance Learning, 7(2), 7-12.

* Winkelmans, T., Anderson, B., & Barbour, M. K. (2010). Distributed learning in British Columbia: A journey from correspondence to online delivery. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 14(1), 6-28. (Contribution 25%)

* Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J., Wicks, M., & Toker, S. (2010). Continuum of change in a virtual world: Training and retaining instructors. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 17(4), 437-457. (Contribution 75%)

* Hawkins, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2010) Trial periods and completion policies: The lay of the United States virtual school landscape. American Journal of Distance Education, 24(1), 5-20. (Contribution 30%)

* Barbour, M. K., Rieber, L. P., Thomas, G. B., & Rauscher, D. (2009). Homemade PowerPoint games: A constructionist alternative to WebQuests. Tech Trends, 53(5), 54-59. (Contribution 40%)

* Barbour, M. K. & Plough, C. (2009). Social networking in cyberschooling: Helping to make online learning less isolating. Tech Trends, 53(4), 56-60. (Contribution 50%)

** Barbour, M. K. (2009). Today's student and virtual schooling: The reality, the challenges, the promise... Journal of Distance Learning, 13(1), 5-25.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Student performance in virtual schooling: Looking beyond the numbers. ERS Spectrum, 27(1), 23-30. (Contribution 80%)

* Cavanaugh, C., Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2009). Research and practice in K-12 online learning: A review of literature. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/607 (Contribution 33%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Reeves, T. C. (2009). The reality of virtual schools: A review of the literature. Computers and Education, 52(2), 402-416. (Contribution 60%)

* Barbour, M. K., (2008). Useful and challenging characteristics of virtual schooling: Secondary student experiences. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 4(9), 357-372.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2008). How are they doing? Examining student achievement in virtual schooling. Education in Rural Australia, 18(2), 63-74. (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K., & Evans, M. (2008). History by the minute: A representative national history or a common sense of the majority? Canadian Social Studies, 41(1). Retrieved from http://www.quasar.ualberta.ca/css/Css_41_1/ARBarbourEvans_history_by_minute.htm (Contribution 75%)

* 2006 AECT Interns. (2008). Realizing leadership through service learning. TechTrends, 52(2), 13. (Contribution 20%)

** 2006 AECT Interns. (2007). Following through: Representing the voice of graduate students. Tech Trends, 51 (5), 14-15. (Contribution 20%)

* Barbour, M. K. & Rich, P. (2007). Social constructivist e-learning: A case study. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning, 11 (5). Retrieved from http://iejll.synergiesprairies.ca/iejll/index.php/ijll/article/view/661 (Contribution 75%)

* Cooze, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2007). Learning styles: A focus upon e-learning practices and pedagogy and their implications for successful i nstructional design . Journal of Applied Educational Technology, 4 (1). Retrieved from http://www.eduquery.com/jaet/JAET4-1_Cooze.pdf (Contribution 40%)

* Barbour, M. K. (2007). Teacher and developer perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students. Journal of Distance Education, 21(3), 93-114. Retrieved from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/30

** 2006 AECT Interns. (2007). ect Cornerstone: Giving back after receiving so much. Tech Trends, 51(2), 17-18. (Contribution 20%)

* Barbour, M. K., Evans, M., & Ritter, J. (2007). Situating the Georgia Performance Standards in the social studies debate: An improvement for social studies classrooms or continuing the whitewash. Journal of Research in Social Studies, 31 (1), 27-33. (Contribution 40%)

Barbour, M. K. (2007). Who's researching virtual schools: A case for instructional technologists. Distance Learning, 4(1), 7-12.

Barbour, M. K. (2007). AECT done cheap. Tech Trends, 51 (1), 41-42.

2006 AECT Interns. (2007). Strengthen connections with graduate students. Tech Trends, 51 (1), 36. (Contribution 20%)

West, R. E. & Barbour, M. K. (2007). Extending the conference through BlogTracks: Reflections from the first year of a new presentation format. Tech Trends, 51(1), 30-32. (Contribution 35%)

* Barbour, M. K. (2007). Portrait of rural virtual schooling. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy , (59). Retrieved from http://www.umanitoba.ca/publications/cjeap/articles/barbour.html

Barbour, M. K., Thomas, A. & Ritter, J. (2006). Mentoring student teachers from a distance: An action research project. “The Journal” of the Wisconsin Council for the Social Studies, 6(2), 42-46. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K. & Reeves, T. C. (2006). Michael Graham Moore – A significant contributor to the field of educational technology. Educational Technology, 46(6), 58-59. (Contribution 60%)

* Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2006). An inquiry into retention and achievement differences in campus based and web based AP courses. Rural Educator, 27(3), 8-12. Retrieved from http://www.ruraleducator.net/archive/27-3/27-3_Barbour.pdf (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students: A narrative analysis of previously collected data. The Morning Watch, 32(3-4). Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/win05/Barbour.htm

* Barbour, M. K. (2005). From telematics to web-based: The progression of distance education in Newfoundland and Labrador. British Journal of Educational Technology, 36(6), 1055-1058.

* Barbour, M. K. & Collins, M. (2005) Online writing as an indicator of student performance. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 2(8). Retrieved from http://www.itdl.org/Journal/Aug_05/article02.htm (Contribution 80%)

* Barbour, M. K. (2005). The design of web-based courses for secondary students. Journal of Distance Learning, 9(1). 27-36. Retrieved from http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/122

* Cooze, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2005). Learning styles: A focus upon e-learning practices and pedagogy and their implications for success in secondary high school students in Newfoundland and Labrador. Malaysian Online Journal of Instructional Technology, 2(1). Retrieved from http://pppjj.usm.my/mojit/articles/pdf/April05/02-Michael%20Barbour.pdf (Contribution 40%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004). All for one and one for all: Designing web-based courses for students based upon individual learning styles. Staff and Educational Development International, 8(2/3), 95-108. (Contribution 75%)

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2004). The role of mediating teachers in Newfoundland 's new model of distance education. The Morning Watch, 32(1). Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/fall4/barbourmulcahy.htm (Contribution 60%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2004). The effects of online writing in student performance in a second year biology course. The Assembly on Computers in English (ACE) On-Line, 1(1). Retrieved May 5, 2006 from http://faculty.gvsu.edu/patterna/aceonline/barbour/barbour-collins.htm (Contribution 80%)

* Glassman, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2004). Conferencing – An exploration into connectivity, content and community. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning, 8(4). Retrieved from http://iejll.synergiesprairies.ca/iejll/index.php/ijll/article/view/697 (Contribution 50%)

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2003). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. Media and Technology for Human Resource Development: Journal of Educational Technology, 14(1-2), 33-42. (Contribution 75%)

Barbour, M. K., & Kinsella, J. (2003). From Newfoundland to Illinois: The development of an AP European history course for the Illinois virtual high school. Journal of the Illinois Council for the Social Studies, 63 , 25-35. (Contribution 80%)

* Barbour, M. K. (2002). Bridging the home and school: A case study of one web-enabled technology. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning, 6(11). Retrieved from http://iejll.synergiesprairies.ca/iejll/index.php/ijll/article/view/441

Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2002). Electronic messaging and student achievement in second-year science classes. The Morning Watch, 30(1-2). Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/fall02/BarbourCollins.htm (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2001). Enrichment opportunities for gifted students in rural areas: Online AP social studies sources. Ohio Council for the Social Studies Review, 37(1), 18-26.

Barbour, M. K. (1999). Parliament and the internet: The present and the future. Canadian Parliamentary Review, Autumn. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Region of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association.

Barbour, M. K. (1998). Evaluating online discussion forums: Usenet newsgroups and the classroom. The Morning Watch, 26 (1-2). Retrieved from http://www.mun.ca/educ/faculty/mwatch/fall98/Barbour.htm

Bulletins and Newsletter Articles

Barbour, M. K. (2011). The importance of the site facilitator. IDEAL-NM February 2011 Newsletter, 4.

Barbour, M. K. (2011). K-12 online learning: A bargain at any price. IDEAL-NM January 2011 Newsletter, 3.

Barbour, M. K. (2010). What's new in the world of online education? IDEAL-NM December 2010 Newsletter, 4.

Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J., & Wicks, M. (2008). eCollege and IVHS: Preparing virtual school teachers. eCollege eNewsletter, 9(3). Retrieved from http://www.ecollege.com/Newsletter/MainStory/MainStory-Vol9Iss3.learn (Contribution 75%).

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Bridging the home and school: An investigation of an online gradebook. News Links, 20(4), 5-13.

Barbour, M. K. (2002). Online learning opportunities - The middle school challenge. Principal's Electronic Desk, 14 August 2002. Retrieved from http://www.myped.net/wwwsite/sections/middle/2002-08-13-15-53-47_article.jhtml

Harrison , G., & Barbour, M. K. (2001). Bridging the home and school: A partnership between a homeschooler and a Canadian school. Pennsylvania Homeschoolers Association Newsletter, 73. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Homeschoolers Association. (Contribution 20%)

Published Proceedings of Conference Presentations

Ferdig, R., Archambault, L., Rice, K., Niess, M., Litz, T., Garrett-Dikkers, A., Whiteside, A., Barbour, M., Marcovitz, D. & Davis, A. (2017). SITE joint SIG symposia: A collaboration between the K-12 online learning SIG and distance learning SIG: How higher education and K-12 online learning research can impact each other. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2017 (pp. 635-639). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education

Jackson, B., Barbour, M., Parks, R. & Kennedy, K. (2017). K12 online and blended learning: Current research and challenges into implementation and teacher education. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2017 (pp. 1634-1637). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016). Evaluation and approval constructs for K-12 online and blended courses and providers. In G. Chamblee & L. Langub (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2016 (pp. 816-824). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016). Cases of quality: Case studies of the approval and evaluation of K-12 online and blended providers. In G. Chamblee & L. Langub (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2016 (pp. 809-815). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K.(2015). US and international K-12 online learning: How have they developed differently? In D. Slykhuis & G. Marks (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2015 (pp. 1446-1453). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K. (2015). Innovative public education or glorified homeschooling: Funding full-time K-12 online learning. In D. Slykhuis & G. Marks (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2015 (pp. 1435-1437). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K. (2015). The disconnect between policy and research: Examining the research into full-time K-12 online learning. In D. Slykhuis & G. Marks (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2015 (pp. 1438-1445). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. & Quinn Grzebyk, T. (2014). iPads for teachers? The challenges of integrating technology in the classroom. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 (pp. 1456-1460). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Siko, J. & Barbour, M. (2014). Blended learning from the perspective of parents and students. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 (pp. 1388-1392). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. (2014). Multiple roles of the teacher in the K-12 online learning environment: Cautions for teacher education. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 (pp. 1353-1358). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Archambault, L., Pratt, K. & Barbour, M. (2014). Preparing for and thriving in K-12 online/blended teaching contexts. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 (pp. 1344-1346). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M., Quinn Grzebyk, T. & Eye, J. (2014). Any time, any place, any pace? Exploring virtual students perceptions of mobile learning. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 (pp. 1347-1352). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. (2013). Examining the research related to the changing role of the teacher in the K-12 online environment. In R. McBride & M. Searson (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013 (pp. 4097-4101). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M., Davis, N. & Wenmoth, D. (2013). Networked schools in New Zealand: Examples from the Virtual Learning Network. In R. McBride & M. Searson (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013 (pp. 4102-4107). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 90%)

Morrison, J., Adelstein, D. & Barbour, M. (2013). K-12 online course development: Examining developer perceptions. In R. McBride & M. Searson (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013 (pp. 4133-4139). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 20%)

Powell, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2012). Tracing international differences in online learning development: An examination of government policies in New Zealand. In P. Resta & R. Rose (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 783-790). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 40%)

Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2012). Virtual learning in New Zealand: Achieving maturity. In P. Resta & R. Rose (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 3824-3831). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 75%)

Siko, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2012). Design research using game design as an instructional strategy. In P. Resta & R. Rose (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 2631-2638). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Huett, J., Hodges, C., Huett, K., Barbour, M. K., & Smolka, J. (2012). Critical success factors for virtual schooling: A panel discussion. In P. Resta & R. Rose (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 428-429). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 20%)

Barbour, M. K. (2011). El cambiante Panorama en la Educación Primaria y secundaria y cómo afecta el e-learning en la Educación superior. In Proceedings of the 2o congreso mundial de e-learning (CD Rom). Bogota, Columbia: Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia (UNAD).

Barbour, M. K. (2011). Primary and secondary teacher preparation for designing, delivering and supporting online learning. In Proceedings of the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference. London, U.K.: Institute of Education, University of London. Retrieved from http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/205719.pdf

Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2011). Strictly business: Teacher perceptions of interaction in virtual schooling. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 1520-1523). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 10%)

Barbour, M. K. (2011). The promise and the reality: Exploring the research on virtual schooling. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 3433-3442). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K. (2011). Introducing in-service teachers to virtual schooling through the lens of the three teacher roles. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 3425-3432). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K. (2010). The promise and the reality: Exploring virtual schooling in rural jurisdictions. In Sustaining the Rural Education Community: Promoting High Quality Teaching and Learning (pp. 15-27). Queensland, Australia Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Australia.

Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. R. (2010). Teacher-student interaction and academic performance at Utah’s Electronic High School. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning (pp. 251-255). Madison, WI: The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. (Contribution 10%)

Unger, K. & Barbour, M. K. (2010). Web 2.0 tools for instructing in-service teachers on virtual schooling in K-12 educational settings. In Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications (pp. 3939-3947). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Charsky, D. & Barbour, M. K. (2010). From Oregon Trail to Peacemaker: Providing a framework for effective integration of video games into the social studies classroom. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 1853-1860). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 20%)

Barbour, M. K. & Unger, K. (2010). The impact of the virtual schooling curriculum on preparing in-service teachers for the roles as virtual school facilitators. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 2905-2912). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M.K. (2010). Perspectives on e-learning: Development and challenges of K-12 online learning. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 310-315). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Marshall, J., Barbour, M., Adiguzel, T., Costello, R. & Wood, L. (2010). Perspectives on E-Learning: A Symposium, Part 2. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 705-713). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Time and responsibility: Examining the volunteer workload of school-based personnel in one distance education program. In Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology. Bloomington, IN: Association for Educational Communication and Technology. (Contribution 40%)

Hawkins, A. & Barbour, M. K. (2009). On measuring attrition: An examination U.S. virtual school trial period and course completion policies. In Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology. Bloomington, IN: Association for Educational Communication and Technology. (Contribution 20%)

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009). Beyond volunteerism and good will: Examining the commitment of school-based teachers to distance education. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (779-784). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K., Kromei, H., McLaren, A., Toker, S., Mani, N., & Wilson, V. (2009). Testing an assumption of the potential of homemade PowerPoint games. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (1381-1387). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J., & Toker, S. (2009). PowerPoint games in a secondary laptop environment. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (1373-1380). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 70%)

Barbour, M. K., & Unger, K. (2009). Challenging teachers’ preconceptions, misconceptions, and concerns of virtual schooling. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (785-790). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 50%)

Barbour, M. K., Evans, M., & Toker, S. (2009). Making sense of video games: Pre-service teachers struggle with this new medium. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (1367-1372). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Polly, D. & Barbour, M. (2009). Developing teachers’ technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge in mathematics. In I. Gibson et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (pp. 4128-4131). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 5%)

Barbour, M. K., McLaren, A., & Zhang, L. (2008). Secondary students perceptions of web-based learning. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2486-2495). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2008). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2496-2503). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

Gonzales, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2008). U.S. virtual school trial period and course completion policy study. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2653-2660). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Koh, M. H., & Barbour, M. K. (2008). Strategies for students and instructors how to improve online groupwork. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2858-2865). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 20%)

Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J. & Rieber, L. P. (2007). PowerPoint games in K-12 e-learning environments. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2328-2332). Norfolk , VA : Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 80%)

Evans, M. & Barbour, M. K. (2007). "I need a green axe": Video games and your social studies classroom. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (781-786). Norfolk , VA : Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 40%)

Evans, M. & Barbour, M. K. (2007). Making sense of video games: Pre-service teachers struggle with this new medium. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2496-2501). Norfolk , VA : Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 40%)

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Teacher and developer perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students. In Proceedings of the Southeastern Conference in Instructional Design and Technology (CD-Rom). Mobile, AL: University of South Alabama.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004). Learning styles and web-based design for secondary students. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (14-21). Norfolk, VA : Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K., & Rich, P. (2004). Social constructivist e-learning: A case study. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (1754-1759). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 75%)

Singleton, E., Song, L., Hill, J.R., Koh, M.H., Jones, F., & Barbour, M. K. (2004). Online learning: Perceptions of useful and challenging characteristics. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (946-950). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 5%)

Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2004). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. In Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology. Bloomington, IN: Association for Educational Communication and Technology. (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2004). Lessons on designing web-based courses for K-12 students based upon individual learning styles. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Barbour, M. K., & Polly, D. (2004). Both sides of the border: A snapshot of two internet-based professional development initiatives. In R. Ferdig et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (4362-4365). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 50%)

Orrill, C., Barbour, M. K., Bleich, L., Sikes, C., & Calhoun, J. (2004). Learning to teach with technology studio. In R. Ferdig et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (2508-2510). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 25%)

Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2003). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (1491-1494). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2003). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (871-874). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 90%)

Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2002). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. In Proceedings of the World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education (2544-2545). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 80%)

Collins, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2001). Some observations on student use of electronic communications. In Proceedings of the annual International Conference on Advances in Infrastructure for E-Business, Science, and Education on the Internet (CD-Rom). L'Aquila, Italy: Superiore G. Reiss Romoli (SSGRR). (Contribution 10%)

Collins, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2001). Some characteristics of student use of electronic communications in second-year science classes. In C. Montgomerie & J. Viteli (Eds.), Proceedings of the annual conference on ED-MEDIA (309-310). Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. (Contribution 10%)

Reviews

Barbour, M. K. (2012). Book review of The publish or perish book: Your guide to effective and responsible citation analysis. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(3), 316-318. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1273/2223

** Barbour, M. K. (2009). Book review of Disrupting class: How disruptive innovation will change the way the world learns. Education Canada, 49(5). Retrieved from http://www.cea-ace.ca/sites/default/files/edcan-2009-v49-n5-barbour.pdf

Barbour, M. K. (2006). Brief book review of Using computers in educational and psychological research: Using information technologies to support the research process. Education Review. Retrieved from http://edrev.asu.edu/brief/dec06.html#20

Barbour, M. K. (2006). Book review of Virtual schools: Planning for success. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 7(2), 215-217.

Barbour, M. K. (2006). Book review of Virtual schools: Planning for success and Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends. American Journal of Distance Education, 20(2), 119-121.

Barbour, M. K. (2006). Book review of Development and management of virtual schools: Issues and trends. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 7(1). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/307/482

Barbour, M. K. (2005) Multimedia reviews of Teaching for Thinking. The Middle Ages: The building of nations, and The Renaissance: Winds of change. World History Connected, 3(1). Retrieved from http://worldhistoryconnected.press.uiuc.edu/3.1/br_barbour.html

Glassman, M., & Barbour, M. K. (1997). Beyond print – Review of the conference Beyond Print: Scholarly Publishing and Communication in the Electronic Environment. The Morning Watch, 25(1-2). (Contribution 25%)

Technical Reports

Barbour, M. K., Miron, G., & Huerta, L. (2017). Virtual schools in the U.S.: Case studies of policy, performance, and research evidence. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual University. Retrieved from http://media.mivu.org/institute/pdf/VSCase-17.pdf

Barbour, M. K. (in press). Lessons for K-12 distance, online and blended learning from research in higher education. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute at Michigan Virtual University.

Molnar, A., Miron, G., Gulosino, C., Shank, C., Davidson, C., Barbour, M. K., Huerta, L., Shafter, S. R., Rice, J. K., & Nitkin, D. (2017). Virtual schools in the U.S. 2017. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from http://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/virtual-schoolsannual-2017 (Contribution 33%)

Canadian E-Learning Network. (2017). Une étude de parité ou d’équité des services d’enseignement à distance offerts par le Centre D’Éducation À Distance Francophone. Cobble Hill, BC: Author. (Contribution 10%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2016). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/StateNation16.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2015). State of the nation study: K-12 e-learning in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/StateOfTheNation2015.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Molnar, A. (Ed.); Hue rta, L., Barbour, M. K., Miron, G., Shafer, S. R., Gulosino, C. (2015). Virtual schools in the U.S. 2015: Politics, performance, policy, and research evidence. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from http://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/virtual-schools-annual-2015 (Contribution 33%)

Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2014). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Cobble Hill, BC: Canadian E-Learning Network. Retrieved from http://canelearn.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/StateOfTheNation2014.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2014). Review of “Virtual schooling and student learning. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from http://nepc.colorado.edu/thinktank/review-virtual-schooling-and-student-learning

Barbour, M. K., Clark, T., DeBruler, K., & Bruno, J. A. (2014). Evaluation and approval constructs for online and blended courses and providers. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute at MVU. Retrieved from http://media.mivu.org/institute/pdf/eval_constructs.pdf (Contribution 40%)

Molnar, A. (Ed.); Rice, J. K., Huerta, L., Shafer, S. R., Barbour, M. K., Miron, G., Gulosino, C, Horvitz, B. (2014). Virtual schools in the U.S. 2014: Politics, performance, policy, and research evidence. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from http://nepc.colorado.edu/publication/virtual-schools-annual-2014 (Contribution 33%)

Barbour, M. K. (2013). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Victoria, BC: Open School BC. Retrieved from http://www.openschool.bc.ca/pdfs/state_of_nation-2013.pdf

Barbour, M. K., & Wenmoth, D. (2013). Virtual learning as an impetous for educational change: Charting a way forward for learning in New Zealand. Christchurch, New Zealand: CORE Education. Retrieved from http://www.core-ed.org/thought-leadership/research/%EF%BF%BCvirtual-learning-impetous-educational-change-charting-way-forward (Contribution 65%)

Barbour, M. K., & Adelstein, D. (2013). Voracious appetite of online teaching: Examining labour issues related to K-12 online learning. Vancouver, BC: British Columbia Teachers Federation. Retrieved from http://www.bctf.ca/uploadedFiles/Public/Issues/Technology/VoraciousAppetite.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2012). Review of “Overcoming the governance challenge in K-12 online learning.” Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from http://nepc.colorado.edu/thinktank/review-overcoming-governance

Barbour, M. K. (2011). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Vienna, VA: International Council for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_CanadaStudy_201111.pdf

Barbour, M. K., Brown, R., Hasler Waters, L., Hoey, R., Hunt, J., Kennedy, K., Ounsworth, C., Powell, A., & Trimm, T. (2011). Online and blended learning: A survey of policy and practice from K-12 schools around the world. Vienna, VA: International Association for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_IntnlReport2011.pdf (Contribution 25%)

Barbour, M. K. (2011). Primary and secondary e-learning: Examining the process of achieving maturity. Christchurch, New Zealand: Distance Education Association of New Zealand. Retrieved from http://www.vln.school.nz/mod/file/download.php?file_guid=114023

Barbour, M. K. (2010). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Vienna, VA: International Council for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_CanadaStudy10-finalweb.pdf

Archambault, L., Diamond, D., Brown, R., Cavanaugh, C., Coffey, M., Floures, D., Richardson, J., & Zygouris-Coe, V. (2010). Research committee issues brief – An exploration of at-risk learners and online education, M. K. Barbour & D. Scribner (Eds.). Vienna, VA: International Council for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_CreditRecovery.pdf (Contribution 5%)

Barbour, M. K. (2009). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Vienna, VA: International Council for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_CanadaStudy_200911.pdf

Cavanaugh, C., Barbour, M. K., Brown, R., Diamond, D., Lowes, S., Powell, A., Rose, R., Scheick, A., Scribner, D., & Van der Molan, J. (2009). Research committee issues brief: Examining communication and interaction in online teaching. Vienna, VA: International Council for K-12 Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/NACOL_QualityTeaching-lr.pdf (Contribution 15%)

Barbour, M. K. (2009). Evaluation Report for the Michigan Virtual School on CareerForward. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual University.

Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2008). A snapshot state of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. Vienna, VA: North American Council for Online Learning. Retrieved from http://inacol.org/resources/docs/NACOL_CanadaStudy-lr.pdf (Contribution 80%)

Barbour, M. K. (2005). Evaluation of the Illinois Virtual High School course development process. Aurora, IL: Illinois Virtual High School. Retrieved from http://www.imsa.edu/programs/ivhs/pdfs/course_development_eval_2005-10.pdf

Barbour, M. K. (2002). The introduction of the CDLI pilot Canadian History 1201 online course in the Vista School District. Clarenville, NL: Vista School District.

Barbour, M. K. (2001). Evaluation of online advanced placement courses. Clarenville, NL: Vista School District.

Unpublished Dissertations and Thesis

Barbour, M. K. (2007). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. University of Georgia , Athens , GA.

Barbour, M. K. (2002). The uses and value of Internet discussion groups in a post secondary environment. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's , NL.

Barbour, M. K. (1996). Staying the course or adjusting our compass: Term 17 and the future of education policy in Newfoundland . Unpublished Honours Research Essay. Carleton University , Ottawa , ON .