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* peer reviewed
** invited

International Conference Presentations

* Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016, October). Cases of quality: Case studies of the approval constructs for K-12 online and blended courses and providers. A paper presentation at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Las Vegas, NV. 

* Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016, October). Evaluation and approval constructs for K-12 online and blended courses and providers. A paper presentation at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Las Vegas, NV. 

* Kowch, E., Wang, C-M., Hsu, Y-C., & Barbour, M. K., (2016, October). Research to change K-12 learning: International researcher perspectives on implementing global education, culturally sensitive science and motivational math gaming. A panel presentation at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Las Vegas, NV. 

* Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016, April). Evaluation and approval constructs for K-12 online and blended courses and providers. A paper presentation at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016, March). Cases of quality: Case studies of the approval and evaluation of K-12 online and blended providers. A full paper presentation at the annual conference for the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2016, March). Evaluation and approval constructs for K-12 online and blended courses and providers. A full paper presentation at the annual conference for the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.

** Barbour, M. K. (2015, October). Virtual schooling and K-12 online learning: A bridge still too far? An invited feature presentation at the 21st annual Online Learning Consortium International Conference, Orlando, FL.

** Kennedy, K., Freidhoff, J., DeBruler, K., Stimson, R., Bruno, J., Borup, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2015, October). Get involved in K-12 online learning research. A workshop presentation at the 21st annual Online Learning Consortium International Conference, Orlando, FL.

* Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2015, April). Virtual learning in New Zealand: Examples of networked schools. A paper presentation at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

* Barbour, M. K., (2015, March). US and international K-12 online learning: How have they developed differently? A brief paper presentation at annual conference for the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Barbour, M. K., (2015, March). Innovative public education or glorified homeschooling: Funding full-time K-12 online learning. A brief paper presentation at annual conference for the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Barbour, M. K., (2015, March). The disconnect between policy and research: Examining the research into full-time K-12 online learning. A full paper presentation at annual conference for the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Ferdig, R. E., Kennedy, K., Barbour, M. K., Archambault, L., Menchaca, M., Borup, J., Cavanaugh, C., & Drexler, W. (2015, March). Explorations and evolution within the handbook of research on K-12 online and blended learning. A panel presentation at annual conference for the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, May). Massive open online courses: What K-12 educators need to know. An invited convocation address to the Poliresearch Seminar: MOOCs for the Italian School, PoliCultura and EXPO Milan 2015, HOC-LAB, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.

* Barbour, M. K. (2014, April). What do we actually know? Examining the research into virtual schools for useful models. A presentation at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Philadelphia, PA.

* Siko, J. P. Barbour, M. K. (2014, April). Parent and student perceptions of a blended learning experience. A presentation at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Philadelphia, PA.

* Archambault, L., Pratt, K., & Barbour, M. K. (2014, March). Preparing for and thriving in K-12 online/blended teaching contexts. A panel presentation at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Jacksonville, FL.

* Barbour, M. K., & Quinn Grzebyk, T. (2014, March). iPads for teachers? The challenges of integrating technology in the classroom. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Jacksonville, FL.

* Barbour, M. K. (2014, March). Multiple roles of the teacher in the K-12 online learning environment: Cautions for teacher education. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Jacksonville, FL.

* Barbour, M. K., Quinn Grzebyk, T., & Eye, J. (2014, March). Any time, any place, any pace? Exploring virtual students perceptions of mobile learning. A roundtable presentation at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Jacksonville, FL.

* Siko, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2014, March). Blended learning from the perspective of parents and students. A brief paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Jacksonville, FL.

* Johnston, S., & Barbour, M. K. (2013, October). The FLVS AP advantage: Exploring the characteristics of K-12 student performance in online learning. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Huett, J., Reeves, T. C., Wiley, D., Ellsworth, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2013, October). MOOCs are the answer! Now, what is the question? A presidential session presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., Smaldino, S., & Moore, J. (2013, October). Preparing teachers for virtual school environments. A panel presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Adelstein, D. (2013, October). A student’s perspective: Effective asynchronous course design for virtual schools. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

Freidhoff, J., DeBruler, K., Stimson, R., Kennedy, K., Barbour, M. K., Clark, T., & Winter, P. (2013, October). Highlights of Michigan virtual learning research institute projects. A presentation at the International Association of K-12 Online Learning Blended and Online Learning Symposium, Orlando, FL.

* Barbour, M. K. (2013, October). Promoting failure: Examining policies related to K-12 online schools. A paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Johnston, S., & Barbour, M. K. (2013, October). Online advanced placement advantage - Examining online achievement and perceptions. A paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Barbour, M. K. (2013, October). K-12 online learning and the diffusion of the teacher. A paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

** Barbour, M. K. (2013, May). What does research say about the roles(s) of the teacher in successful practices in teaching online? An invited presentation at the Seminario Internacional "Nuevas Tecnologías de la Información y de la Comunicación (NTIC) y la Educación: hegemonía y resistencia,” Mexico City, Mexico.

* Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2013, April). Virtual learning in New Zealand: Examples of networked schools. A poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

* Adelstein, D., Morrison, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2013, April). Improving the course design process at a virtual high school. A roundtable discussion presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

* Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K., (2013, April). Refining the use of homemade PowerPoint Games in a secondary science classroom. A poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., Davis, N., & Wenmoth, D. (2013, March). Networked schools in New Zealand: Examples from the Virtual Learning Network. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, New Orleans, LA.

* Barbour, M. K. (2013, March). Examining the research related to the role of the teacher in the K-12 online learning environment. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, New Orleans, LA.

* Morrison, J., Adelstein, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2013, March). K-12 online course development: Examining developer perceptions. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, New Orleans, LA.

* Siko, J. P., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, November). Design-based research on the use of homemade PowerPoint games. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, November). Virtually unprepared: Examining the preparation of K-12 online teachers. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, November). The landscape of K-12 online learning: Examining what is known. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Grant, M. G., Barbour, M. K., Hsu, Y-H., Hsu, Y-C., Martin, F., Wang, S., & York, C. (2012, November). Mobile computing devices and applications for teaching and learning. A panel discussion at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2012, November). Sustainability and maturity of K-12 online learning organizations in New Zealand. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Barbour, M. K., Kirby, D., & Sharpe, D.,  (2012, October). Does experience with online learning in high school impact distance education experiences in higher education? A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

Kennedy, K., Archambault, L., Barbour, M. K., Parent, R., Zygouris-Coe, V., Dawson, K., Goon, D. A., & DeBates, D. (2012, October). iNACOL panel of virtual schools and teacher education program collaborations: Preparing teachers for K-12 online teaching. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, New Orleans, LA.

Carpenter, J., Crabtree, D., Johnston, S., & Barbour, M.K. (2012, October). New research on online learning: Strategies to support learning - 2. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, New Orleans, LA.

Barbour, M.K., Hainsworth, S., Canuel, M., Flello, K., & Elridge, C. (2012, October). State of the Nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, New Orleans, LA.

Clark, T., Barbour, M. K., Bacsich, P., Ebert, J., Powell, A., & Ferdig, R. (2012, October). North American and international online and blended learning: What can programs learn from each other? A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, New Orleans, LA.

* Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2012, April). Primary and secondary virtual learning in New Zealand: Examining the process of achieving maturity. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, BC.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). Countering a dominant narrative of educational reformers: Examining the research on the effectiveness of virtual schooling. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, BC.

* Kirby, D., Barbour, M. K., & Sharpe, D. (2012, April). Does prior distance learning make a difference? Examining student perceptions and preferences. A poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, BC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Siko, J. (2012, April). A case study examining the perspectives of an at-risk, rural student enrolled in virtual schooling. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Vancouver, BC.

Bennett, C., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). The Farnet journey: Effective teaching strategies for engaging Maori students on the Virtual Learning Network. A paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

* Bennett, C., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). The Farnet journey: Perceptions of Maori students engaged in secondary online learning. A paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

* Powell, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). Examining government e-learning policies in New Zealand: Creating a climate for the growth of online learning. A paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). What do we know? Examining the research on primary and secondary online learning. A paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2012, April). Virtual learning is growing up: Examining the development of online distance education in New Zealand's school's sector. A paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). The art and science of academic writing. A workshop presented at the biennial meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

** Barbour, M. K. (2012, April). Primary and secondary e-learning: Examining the process of achieving maturity. An invited paper presented at the annual general meeting of the Virtual Learning Network-Community, Wellington, New Zealand.

* Powell, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, March). Tracing international differences in online learning development: An examination of government policies in New Zealand. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Austin, TX.

* Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2012, March). Virtual learning in New Zealand: Achieving maturity. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Austin, TX.

* Siko, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, March). Design research using game design as an instructional strategy. A roundtable presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Austin, TX.

* Huett, J., Hodges, C., Huett, K., Barbour, M. K., & Smolka, J. (2012, March). Critical success factors for virtual schooling. A panel discussion at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Austin, TX.

Barbour, M.K. (2011, November). State of the Nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Indianapolis, IN.

Kennedy, K., Archambault, L., DiPietro, M., Barbour, M. K., & Lowes, S. (2011, November). Current research on developing effective teachers for online and blended learning. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Indianapolis, IN.

** Barbour, M. K. (2011, September). Shifting the goal posts: The changing landscape of primary and secondary education and how that affects e-learning in higher education. A keynote presentation at the 2o congreso mundial de e-learning (Second World Congress on e-Learning) in Cartagena, Columbia.

* Kirby, D., Sharpe, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2011, June). Student perceptions and preferences for tertiary online courses: Does prior high school distance learning make a difference? A paper presented at the annual conference of the European Distance and E-Learning Network, Dublin, Ireland.

* Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2011, March). “Everybody is their own island”: Teacher disconnection in a virtual school. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Nashville, TN.

* Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2011, March). Strictly business: Teacher perceptions of interaction in virtual schooling. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Nashville, TN.

* Barbour, M. K. (2011, March). The promise and the reality: Exploring the research on virtual schooling. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Nashville, TN.

* Barbour, M. K. (2011, March). Introducing in-service teachers to virtual schooling through the lens of the three teacher roles. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Nashville, TN.

Barbour, M.K., & Unger, K. (2011, January). Examining the effects of virtual schooling curriculum on preparing teachers to support virtual schooling. A presentation at the 9th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, HI.

Barbour, M.K. (2011, January). Examining the development and challenges of K-12 online learning. A presentation at the 9th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, HI.

Kinsella, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2010, November). Perspectives of online teachers: Lessons learned. A presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

Sanders, K., Archambault, L., Barbour, M. K., Ferdig, R., Darrow, R., & Lowes, S. (2010, November). Recent research on online teaching and learning: Implications for practice – 2. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

Barbour, M.K. (2010, November). State of the Nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

Cavanaugh, C., Diamond, D., Archambault, L., & Barbour, M. K. (2010, November). Examining issues of working with at-risk learners in online environments. A panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

* Barbour, M. K. (2010, October). K-12 online learning in South Korea: Lessons for United States jurisdictions. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Unger, K. (2010, October). Preparing in-service teachers for virtual schooling. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Siko, J. P., Barbour, M. K., & Toker, S. (2010, October). Homemade PowerPoint games in a high school science setting. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Morrison, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2010, October). Examination of the use of tools in K-12 online course development. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Siko, J. P. (2010, October). Student experiences in a virtual school environment. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., Unger, K., & Toker, S. (2010, October). CareerForward: A course for meeting the K-12 online learning requirement. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Hawkins, A., Graham, C. & Barbour, M. K. (2010, October). Where are we losing them? (dis)Engagement patterns of virtual high school students. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

* Unger, K., & Barbour, M. K. (2010, October). Introducing in-service teachers to Web 2.0. A paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim, CA.

Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2010, October). Examining course enrolment data: Are rural students taking basic level courses to avoid taking them on-line? A paper presentation at EDGE 2010: e-Learning – The Horizon And Beyond…, St. John’s, NL.

** Barbour, M. K., Bullen, M., Kirby, D., & Stordy, M. (2010, October). Academic blogging and tweeting: Connecting people, ideas and research. An invited panel presentation at EDGE 2010: e-Learning – The Horizon And Beyond…, St. John’s, NL.

** Barbour, M. K. (2010, September). The promise and the reality: Exploring virtual schooling in rural jurisdictions. A keynote presented to the annual meeting of the Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Australia, Queensland, Australia.

Hawkins, A., Barbour, M. K., & Graham, C. (2010, August). Teacher-student interaction and academic performance at Utah's Electronic High School. A paper presented at the Annual Conference Distance Teaching and Learning, Madison, WI.

* Unger, K. & Barbour, M. K. (2010, June). Web 2.0 tools for instructing in-service teachers on virtual schooling in K-12 educational settings. A paper presented at the conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, Toronto, ON.

* Barbour, M. K., & Kinsella, J. (2010, May). For love not money: Examining one virtual school’s course development process. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO.

* Mulcahy, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2010, May). Duck and cover: Are rural students taking basic courses to avoid taking them online? A roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO.

* Barbour, M. K. (2010, May). Experiences in virtual schooling: A case study of students at one rural school. A roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO.

* Hawkins, A., Graham, C., & Barbour, M. K. (2010, April). Teacher-student interaction in a state-led virtual high school. A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Denver, CO.

* Marshall, J., Barbour, M. K., Adiguzel, T., Costello, R. & Wood, L. (2010, March). Perspectives on e-learning: A symposium. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Diego, CA.

* Charsky, D. & Barbour, M. K. (2010, March). From Oregon Trail to Peacemaker: Providing a framework for effective integration of video games into the social studies classroom. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Diego, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Unger, K. (2010, March). The impact of the virtual schooling curriculum on preparing in-service teachers for the roles as virtual school facilitators. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Diego, CA.

Barbour, M. K. (2010, March). The impact of virtual schooling curriculum on in-service teachers preparing for the new roles in the virtual school environment. A poster presentation to the Educational Design Research: Local Change & Global Impact – A Special Conference to Honor Professor Thomas C. Reeves Upon His Retirement from the University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Barbour, M. K., & Kinsella, J. (2010, March). 26 shy of 20,000 enrollments. A poster presented at the annual International Online Conference, http://www.internationalonlineconference.org/

Lowes, S., Kennedy, K., Archambault, L., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, November). Recent research on online teaching and learning: Implications for practice. Panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Austin, TX.

Bennett, J., Piontek, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, November). Exploring tools of the 21st century classroom. Presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Austin, TX.

Powell, A., Barbour, M. K., et al. (2009, November). An international perspective of K-12 online learning. Panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Austin, TX.

Dawley, L., Rice, K., Cavanaugh, C., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, November). Exploring linkages between research, policy, and practice in K-12 online teacher professional development. Panel presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Austin, TX.

Hawkins, A. & Barbour, M. K. (2009, October). On measuring attrition: An examination U.S. virtual school trial period and course completion policies. Reflective paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

Barbour, M. K., Kromrei, H., McLaren, A, Toker, S., Mani, N., & Wilson, V. (2009, October). Analyzing homemade PowerPoint game questions: Testing proponents assumptions. Reflective paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Carr-Chellman, A., Wiley, D., Barbour, M. K., Cambre, B., Sockman, B., Kowch, E., Marsh, R., & Surry, D. (2009, October). Cyber charters: A panel discussion. Panel discussion at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Miller, C., Botturi, L., Barbour, M. K., Nettleton, K., Rieber, L., & Simpson, E. (2009, October). Is there a future for games in education: A panel discussion of current problems and future potentials for games. Panel discussion at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009, October). Time and responsibility: Examining the volunteer workload of school-based personnel in one distance education program. Roundtable presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Hawkins, A. & Barbour, M. K. (2009, October). On measuring attrition: An examination U.S. virtual school trial period and course completion policies. Poster presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Barbour, M. K., Kromrei, H., McLaren, A, Toker, S., Mani, N., & Wilson, V. (2009, October). Analyzing homemade PowerPoint game questions: Testing proponents assumptions. Poster presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Louisville, KY.

* Mulcahy, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, April). Beyond volunteerism and good will: Examining the commitment of school-based teachers to distance education. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

* Gonzales, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, April). Variability in U.S. virtual school policies affecting course completion rates. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

* Mulcahy, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, April). Virtual school student performance in a rural and remote jurisdiction. Paper discussion presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., McLaren, A., & Zhang, L. (2009, April). It’s not that tough: Students speak about their online learning experiences. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

* Koh, M. H., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, April). Strategies for instructors on how to improve online groupwork. Paper discussion presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2009, March). Beyond volunteerism and good will: Examining the commitment of school-based teachers to distance education. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

* Barbour, M. K., Kromei, H., McLaren, A., Toker, S., Mani, N., & Wilson, V. (2009, March). Testing an assumption of the potential of homemade PowerPoint games. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

* Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J., & Toker, S. (2009, March). PowerPoint games in a secondary laptop environment. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Unger, K. (2009, March). Challenging teachers’ preconceptions, misconceptions, and concerns of virtual schooling. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

* Polly, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, March). Developing teachers’ technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge in mathematics. A paper presented at the annualconference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

* Barbour, M. K., Evans, M., & Toker, S. (2009, March). Making sense of video games: Pre-service teachers struggle with this new medium. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Charleston, SC.

* Barbour, M. K., McLaren, A., & Zhang, L. (2008, November). Secondary students perceptions of web-based learning. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Barbour, M. K. (2008, November). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Rural student experiences in virtual schooling. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Gonzales, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2008, November). U.S. virtual school trial period and course completion policy study. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

* Koh, M. H., & Barbour, M. K. (2008, November). Strategies for students and instructors how to improve online groupwork. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Las Vegas, NV.

Barbour, M. K., Cavanaugh, C. S., & Clark, T. (2008, October). Research and practice in virtual schooling: A review of the literature. Paper presented at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2008, October). Virtual schooling in Canada: A comprehensive review of provincial policies and activities. Paper presented at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

Gonzales, A., & Barbour, M. K. (2008, October). Trial periods and completion policies: A comparative study of virtual schools in the United States and Canada. Paper presented at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Phoenix, AZ.

** Barbour, M. K. (2008, August). Today's student and virtual schooling: The reality, the challenges, the promise… Keynote presented at the annual meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington.

** Barbour, M. K. (2008, August). Basics of teaching online in a Web 2.0 world. Workshop presented at the annual meeting of the Distance Education Association of New Zealand, Wellington.

* Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J., & Rieber, L. P. (2008, March). PowerPoint games in a secondary laptop environment. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York.

* Cavanaugh, C., Barbour, M. K., & Clark, T. (2008, March). Research and practice in K-12 online learning: A review of literature. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2008, March). Student performance in virtual schooling: Looking beyond the numbers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York.

Barbour, M. K. (2007, November). What are they doing and how are they doing it? Paper presented at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Louisville , KY.

* 2006 AECT Interns. (2007, October). Service, learning, and reflection: The AECT internship as kaleidoscope. Concurrent paper session presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim , CA.

* Evans, M. & Barbour, M. K. (2007, October). "I need a green axe": Video games and your social studies classroom. Paper presentation at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Quebec City , QC .

* Evans, M. & Barbour, M. K. (2007, October). Making sense of video games: Pre-service teachers struggle with this new medium. Roundtable presentation at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Quebec City, QC.

* Barbour, M. K., Kinsella, J. & Rieber, L. P. (2007, October). PowerPoint games in K-12 e-learning environments. Paper presentation at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Quebec City , QC.

* Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2007, April). How are they doing? Examining student achievement in virtual schooling. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.

Barbour, M. K. (2007, January). What are they doing? How are they doing it? Rural secondary students learning in a virtual school. Paper presented at the annual Conference on Interdisciplinary Qualitative Studies, Athens , GA.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, November). Students perceptions of online learning. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Plano, TX.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, November). Lessons learned in virtual schooling: The Newfoundland experience. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Plano, TX.

Barbour, M. K. & Gillis, L. B. (2006, November). Taking it from good…to better…to best in online course design. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Plano, TX.

* Barbour, M. K. (2006, October). Secondary students perceptions of web-based learning. Roundtable session at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

* Barbour, M. K. (2006, October). What are they doing? How are they doing it?. Roundtable session at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

* Barbour, M. K. (2006, October). Effective web-based design for secondary school students. Roundtable session at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

Lowell , N., Barbour, M. K., Harmaning, K., Worrell, P., West, R., Bolieu, T., Bloom, L., & Boling, L. (2006, October). Blog trek: The next generation. Blog track presentation at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

West, R., Barbour, M. K., Domizi, D., Koh, M. H., Jones, F. S., Singleton, E. S., & Hill, J. (2006, October). Emerging trends in the research on online learning environments. Blog track presentation at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Dallas, TX.

* Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2006, April). An inquiry into achievement differences in traditional and virtual high school courses. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA.

* Barbour, M. K. (2005, October). Evaluation of the IVHS course development process. Paper presentation at the annual Virtual School Symposium, Denver, CO.

** Barbour, M. K. (2005, October). Socratic Seminar. Invited discussant by the International Division at the annual meeting of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Orlando, FL.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2005, April). An inquiry into retention and achievement differences in campus based and web based AP courses. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, QC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2005, April). The effects of online writing on student performance. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, QC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004, November). Learning styles and web-based design for secondary students. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Washington, DC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Rich, P. (2004, November). Social constructivist e-learning: A case study. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Washington, DC.

* Singleton, E.S., Song, L., Hill, J.R., Koh, M., Jones, F.J., & Barbour, M. K. (2004, November). Online learning: Perceptions of useful and challenging characteristics. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Washington, DC.

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2004, October). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Chicago, IL.

* Song, L., Singleton, E. S., Hill, J. R., Koh, M. Jones, F. S., & Barbour, M. K. (2004, October). Online learning: Perceptions of useful and challenging characteristics. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Chicago, IL.

* Barbour, M. K., & Mulcahy, D. (2004, April). The rural AP advantage. Roundtable presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Polly, D. (2004, March). Both sides of the border: A snapshot of two internet-based professional development initiatives. Paper presented at the annual Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education conference, Atlanta, GA.

* Orrill, C., Barbour, M. K., Bleich, L., Sikes, C., & Calhoun, J. (2004, March). Learning to teach with technology studio. Paper presented at the annual Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education conference, Atlanta, GA.

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2003, November). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Phoenix, AZ.

* Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2003, November). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Phoenix, AZ.

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2002, November). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. Paper presented at the annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare and Higher Education, Montreal, QC.

Barbour, M. K., & Kinsella, J. (2001, October). Teaching university level courses to pre-university students in an online environment. Presentation at the Bits and Bytes: The Evolution of Technology in Education conference, http://www.stemnet.nf.ca:8900/public/bitsandbytes/index.html

Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2001, October). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. Presentation at the Bits and Bytes: The Evolution of Technology in Education conference, http://www.stemnet.nf.ca:8900/public/bitsandbytes/index.html

* Collins, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2001, July). Some observations on student use of electronic communications. Paper presented at the annual International Conference on Advances in Infrastructure for E-Business, Science, and Education on the Internet, L'Aquila, Italy.

* Collins, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2001, June). Some characteristics of student use of electronic communications in second-year science classes. Paper presented at the annual ED-MEDIA 2001 conference, Tampere, Finland.

National Conference Presentations

** Barbour, M. K. (2016, November). Online, blended and distance education in schools. A presentation for the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research. Retrieved from https://athabascau.adobeconnect.com/p5tjr99eths/

** Barbour, M. K. (2016, October). Digital natives, net generation, generation me… What do we really know about today’s students and how they learn? A presentation at the annual meeting of the Provincial and Territorial Distance Education Association, Edmonton, AB.

** Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2016, May). State of the nation: K-12 e-learning in Canada. An invited presentation to the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research. Retrieved from https://athabascau.adobeconnect.com/p8pelg64w2i/

** Barbour, M. K. (2016, February). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A webinar presentation for the Canadian E-Learning Network.

** Barbour, M. K. (2015, October). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A presentation at the annual meeting of the Provincial and Territorial Distance Education Association, Yellowknife, NT.

Clark, T., & Barbour, M. K. (2015, April). Eight trends in K-12 online and blended learning and their implications for research. A presentation at the United States Distance Education Association annual conference, St. Louis, MO.

** LaBonte, R., & Barbour, M. K. (2014, October). Canadian e-learning network. A presentation at the annual meeting of the Provincial and Territorial Distance Education Association, Winnipeg, MN.

** Barbour, M. K., (2014, September). What do we know, and what should we know, about virtual schools? Eighth Annual NEPC Fellows Research Panels, Boulder, CO.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, April). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. Invited presentation to the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research.

* Bathon, J., Dexter, S., Cho, V., Barbour, M. K., Nash, J., Gayheart, T., & Hurst, T. (2013, November). UCEA Center for the Advanced Study of Technology Leadership in Education (CASTLE) - Boon or bust: Technology and adult professional learning. A presentation at the annual convention of the University Council for Educational Administration, Indianapolis, IN.

** Barbour, M. K. (2013, October). Canadian e-Learning Network. A presentation at the annual meeting of the Provincial and Territorial Distance Education Association, Ottawa, ON.

* Barbour, M. K., Kuehn, L., & Adelstein, D. (2013, June). Voracious appetite of online teaching: Examining labour issues related to K-12 online learning. A paper presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Victoria, BC.

Johnston, S., & Barbour, M. K. (2013, April). Lessons learned from research of AP online. A concurrent session at the annual meeting of the United States Distance Learning Association, St. Louis, MO.

** Barbour, M. K. (2013, February). K-12 online course design and online teaching: Open access resources for professional development. Invited presentation to the Canada MoodleMoot, Vancouver, BC.

** Barbour, M. K. (2013, February). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. Invited presentation to the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research, http://cider.athabascau.ca/CIDERSessions/barbour2013/sessiondetails.

** Barbour, M. K. (2012, July). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. A presentation to the Canadian K-12 Online Leader Summit, Toronto, ON.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, May). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. A paper presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Waterloo, ON.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, May). Getting to the bottom of K-12 online learning: An examination of the research. A paper presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Waterloo, ON.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, May). Virtually unprepared: K-12 online learning teacher preparation in Canada. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Canmore, AB.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, May). What do we really know about K-12 online learning? Examining the research. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Canmore, AB.

* Barbour, M. K. (2012, May). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Canmore, AB.

* Barbour, M. K., Kirby, D., & Sharpe, D. (2012, May). Getting started online early: Examining the impact of K-12 distance education on post-secondary distance education experiences. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Canmore, AB.

Barbour, M. K. (2011, June). K-12 online education. A presentation at the 2011 Online Teaching Conference, http://www.nextleveleducator.com/onlineteachingconference.html.

Barbour, M. K., Wenmoth, D., & Davis, N. (2011, May). Exploring e-learning in New Zealand: A comparison to other global models. A webinar presentation to the Distance Educational Association of New Zealand, http://www.deanz.org.nz/home/

* Barbour, M. K., & Siko, J. (2011, May). Examining a program to prepare teachers to support K-12 online learning. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Hamilton, ON.

* Barbour, M. K., & Siko, J. (2011, May). State of the nation study: K-12 online learning in Canada. A paper presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Hamilton, ON.

Barbour, M. K. (2010, June). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A paper presented at the annual Canadian eLearning Conference, Edmonton, AB.

Barbour, M. K. & Unger, K. (2010, June). Preparing K-12 teachers to support online learning. A paper presented at the annual Canadian eLearning Conference, Edmonton, AB.

** Barbour, M. K. (2009, November). Supporting K-12 students online: Local schools, virtual schools & teacher education. Paper presented at the National Research Center on Rural Education Support's Supporting Rural Schools and Communities Research Conference, Chapel Hill, NC.

Barbour, M. K. & Unger, K. (2009, May). Teachers’ preconceptions of virtual schooling: Challenging myths & misconceptions. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Ottawa, ON.

Barbour, M. K. & Mulcahy, D. (2009, May). Teacher volunteerism and good will: Local teachers to distance education responsibilities. Roundtable presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Ottawa, ON.

** Barbour, M. K., & Stewart, R. (2009, January). A snapshot state of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. Invited presentation to the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research, http://cider.athabascau.ca/CIDERSessions/mkbarbour/ AudioConvert_1231363643702.mp3.

* Clesson, K., Adams, M. & Barbour, M. K. (2007, October). Game design as an educational pedagogy. Paper presented at the annual National Association of Laboratory Schools Symposium, Johnson City , TN.

* Kinsella, J. & Barbour, M. K. (2007, October). PowerPoint games in a secondary laptop environment. Paper presented at the annual National Association of Laboratory Schools Symposium, Johnson City , TN.

** Barbour, M. K. (2007, October). Lessons learned in researching virtual schools: The Newfoundland and Labrador experience . Invited presentation by the Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research, http://klaatu-dev.pc.athabascau.ca/elluminate/cidersession-071005.jnlp.

Barbour, M. K. (2006, May). Lessons learned in virtual schooling: The Newfoundland experience. Roundtable presented at the annual Canadian Society for the Study of Education conference, Toronto, ON.

* Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2003, June). Effects of different learning styles in eLearning environments. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Association for Distance Education conference, St. John's, NL.

* Barbour, M. K. (2003, June). Tele-teaching advanced placement social studies courses in an asynchronous manner. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Association for Distance Education conference, St. John's, NL.

* Cooze, M., & Barbour, M. K. (2003, June). Usage of instant messaging as a means of community building in eLearning environments. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Association for Distance Education conference, St. John's, NL.

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2003, June). Online writing as a form of electronic communication in a second year biology course. Paper presented at the annual Canadian Association for Distance Education conference, St. John's, NL.

** Barbour, M. K. (2003, April). Virtual high schools. Electronic discussion for the Global Educators' Network of the TeleLearning Network of Centres of Excellence, http://vu.cs.sfu.ca/vu/tlnce/cgi-bin/VG/VF_dspcnf.cgi?ci=230

Barbour, M. K. (2002, August). From the rock to the outback: Musings about tele-teaching and tele-learning. Presentation at the biennial NET*Working conference, http://nw2002.flexiblelearning.net.au

** Barbour, M. K. (2002, September-October). Assessing student learning in the online classroom. Electronic discussion for the Global Educators' Network of the TeleLearning Network of Centres of Excellence, http://vu.cs.sfu.ca/vu/tlnce/cgi-bin/VG/VF_dspcnf.cgi?ci=183

* Barbour, M. K., & Collins, M. (2001, June). Student use of electronic communication in second year biology courses. Paper presented at the annual Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education conference, St. John's, NL.

Regional Conference Presentations

* Barbour, M. K. (2014, October). In the public interest: Examining the profit motive in cyber charter schooling. A roundtable presentation to the Northeastern Educational Research Association, Trumbull, CT.

** Wenmoth, D., Barbour, M. K., Niki, D., McLeod, M., & McLeod, S. (2011, April). If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together. An invited panel discussion at the Southern Central Divide Information Communication Technology Professional Development Cluster’s Leading Innovation in a Broadband World conference, Ashburton, New Zealand.

** Barbour, M. K. (2011, April). Exploring models of effective primary and secondary e-learning. An invited keynote presentation to the Southern Central Divide Information Communication Technology Professional Development Cluster’s Leading Innovation in a Broadband World conference, Ashburton, New Zealand.

** Barbour, M. K. (2010, August). Rural K–12 students’ learning in virtual school environments. A keynote presentation at the Regional Educational Laboratory – Midwest’s Online Learning Opportunities for Rural Schools Conference, Madison, WI.

* Barbour, M. K. (2005, March). Teacher and developer perceptions of effective web-based design for secondary school students. Paper presented at the annual Southeastern Conference in Instructional Design and Technology, Mobile, AL.

Barbour, M. K., & Cooze, M. (2004, December). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Paper presented at the annual Southern Educational Technology Conference, Fayetteville, AR.

Provincial/State/Local Conference Presentations

Barbour, M. K. (2016, October). State of the nation: K-12 e-learning in Canada. A presentation at the annual BlendED Alberta conference, Edmonton, AB.

* Barbour, M. K., & LaBonte, R. (2015, November). State of the nation: K-12 online learning in Canada. A presentation at the annual meeting of the Bring IT Together, Niagara Falls, ON.

** Lehtonen, L., Barbour, M. K., Allio, A., & Undercoffer, M. (2014, June). Supporting virtual students. An invited presentation to the Binghamton University's Virtual Advanced Placement Conference, Binghamton, NY.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, June). Town hall. An invited presentation to the Binghamton University's Virtual Advanced Placement Conference, Binghamton, NY.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, June). Online and blended education: What does it look like? An invited keynote presentation to the Binghamton University's Virtual Advanced Placement Conference, Binghamton, NY.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, March). Not as savvy as you think: What do we really know about this generation of students. An invited presentation to the New York State Council for Social Studies annual meeting, Albany, NY.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, March). Conversation with the keynote. An invited presentation to the New York State Council for Social Studies annual meeting, Albany, NY.

** Barbour, M. K. (2014, March). Plug nickels, snake oil, and charlatans: What we really known about K-12 online learning? An invited keynote presentation to the New York State Council for Social Studies annual meeting, Albany, NY.

Barbour, M. K. (2013, September). Privatizing public education through cyber schooling: Examining truth and myth in the dominant narrative of K-12 online learning. A presentation at the Wayne State University Humanities Center Fall Symposia, Detroit, MI.

** Barbour, M. K. (2013, February). Voracious appetite: Examining the role of the teacher in relation to K-12 online learning. An invited presentation at the Learning & Sharing Distributed Learning Conference, Vancouver, BC.

Kuehn, L., Comrie, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, October). Distributed learning survey focus group. A presentation at the Computer Users in Education-British Columbia conference, Vancouver, BC.

Kuehn, L., Comrie, D., & Barbour, M. K. (2012, October). Challenges facing teachers working in British Columbia’s virtual schools. A presentation at the Computer Users in Education-British Columbia conference, Vancouver, BC.

Porter, D., Carbol, B., Crichton, S., LaBonte, R., Barbour, M. K., Childs, E., & Mussio, J.. (2012, August). Myths, hype, and possibilities: Trends shaping the future of distance education. Destination Innovation, Banff, AB.

Barbour, M. K., & Siko, J. P. (2012, March). Professional development for mobile technology integration. A presentation at the annual meeting of the Michigan Association for Computer Users in Learning, Grand Rapids, MI.

Barbour, M. K., & Miller, B. (2011, August). Virtual school teaching: Examining the preparation to teach online. A presentation at the Wayne State University New Literacies Conference, Detroit, MI.

** Barbour, M. K. (2011, May). State of the nation: K12 online learning in Canada. An invited presentation at the Manitoba Association for Distributed Learning and Training conference, Winnipeg, MN.

** Barbour, M. K. (2010, October). Virtual schooling and you. An invited presentation to the 2010 Martin Institute Fall Conference, Memphis, TN.

** Barbour, M. K. (2010, September). Rural virtual schooling: Research on the teaching and learning experience. A keynote presented to the second annual Innovative and Digital Education and Learning – New Mexico eTeacher and Site Coordinator conference, Albuquerque, NM.

Barbour, M. K. (2010, April). State of the nation: K12 online learning in Canada. A presentation at the British Columbia Partners in Online Learning Conference, http://knowevents.ca

Barbour, M. K. (2010, April). Teacher education and virtual schooling. A presentation at the British Columbia Partners in Online Learning Conference, http://knowevents.ca

Barbour, M. K., Unger, K., & Siko, J. (2010, March). Supporting teachers to meet the Michigan online learning graduation requirement. A presentation at the Michigan Association for Computer Users in Learning conference, Grand Rapids, MI.

Barbour, M. K., & Unger, K. (2010, March). Resources for assisting in the transitioning to online learning. A presentation at the Michigan Association for Computer Users in Learning conference, Grand Rapids, MI.

Stewart, R. & Barbour, M. K. (2009, March). Library services in an online learning environment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, & Letters, Detroit, MI.

** Barbour, M. K. (2008). Virtual schooling and online learning: Michigan education in a flat world. Keynote presentation to the Alliance for a Media Literate America – Michigan Caucus, Detroit, MI.

* Barbour, M. K. & Kinsella, J. (2008, February). Lewis and Clark: Early explorers in virtual schooling. Presentation at the Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learning, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

Evans, M. & Barbour, M. K. (2007, February). 'I need a green axe': Video gaming in social studies. Roundtable presented at the Harvard Graduate School of Education Student Research Conference, Boston, MA.

Barbour, M. K. & Kinsella, J. (2007, February). Teaching and learning online with secondary school students. Presentation at the Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learning, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

Barbour, M. K. & Kinsella, J. (2007, February). PowerPoint games in the K-12 e-learning environment. Presentation at the Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learining, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

* Hanley, R., Kinsella, J., Barbour, M. K., Leffler, T., Szabo, D. (2005, February). Authentically interactive learning: Deploying virtual classroom software to impact the student experience. Paper presented at the annual Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learning, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

* Barbour, M. K. (2004, February). Learning styles and student performance in an e-learning environment. Paper presented at the annual Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learning, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

Barbour, M. K., Bleich, L., & Orrill C. (2004, February). LTTS: Online professional development for technology integration. Paper presented at the annual Georgia Educational Technology Conference, Macon, GA.

* Kinsella, J., Martin, B., Szabo, J., Smith, J., & Barbour, M. K. (2003, February). Adventures in online teaching. Discussion presented at the annual Illinois Online Conference for Teaching and Learning, http://www.ilonlineconf.org/

Barbour, M. K., & Brooks, S. (2001, June). Centre for Advanced Placement Education and the tele-teaching of AP social studies courses. Presentation at the Hook, Line & Net conference, Grand Falls/Windsor, NL.

Barbour, M. K., & Brooks, S. (2000, June). Centre for Advanced Placement Education on the Bonavista Peninsula. Presentation at the Hook, Line & Net conference, Clarenville, NL.

** Barbour, M. K. (1996, June). Technology on the hill . Discussion presented at the Library of Parliament Speaker's Series in Ottawa , ON .